Lending Investments Explained: Earn Money Like a Banker

Lending Investments Explained: Earn Money Like a Banker

You've got to spend money to make money, right? Wrong. Banks rake in trillions every year using this zero-cost, 300-year old investing tactic—and now you can too.

Aug 19, 2021

Lending Investments Explained: Earn Money Like a Banker
Lending

Lending

Local Businesses

Local Businesses

Balanced Investing

Balanced Investing

Over 300 years ago, somewhere in London, goldsmiths started storing other people’s precious metals in their vaults as a service. Later on, these goldsmiths realized that since most people don't show up out of the blue wanting to withdraw all their gold at once, they could actually lend these deposits out to other people, earn interest on them, and then return the repaid gold before anyone noticed it was missing. 

This earned interest allowed goldsmiths to provide ever safer storage for valuables, which attracted more depositors, which allowed them to loan out higher quantities of gold ad infinitum. What started out remarkably similar to a Ponzi scheme is now a common practice called fractional reserve banking, which kickstarted the $90 trillion banking industry we know today. 

In other words, if you have money in a savings account, your bank is likely lending it out right now and making money off of it. Your savings could be funding someone else's car or home loan, and your bank is raking in the interest while passing down a paltry 0.01% to you. So what if you take out the middle-man and profit off that interest for yourself?

Thanks to the rise of lending investment apps, you no longer have to be a banker to earn money like one.

Aren’t lending and investing two different things?

Let’s get some basics out of the way. Investments are assets that you buy with the hope that they’ll turn a profit, right? Like when you YOLO’d your life savings on $GME because someone on Reddit convinced you it was a good idea.

Would you bet on Wallstreetbets?

Reddit is full of little gold nuggets of financial advice, but it's also full of wannabe investors who don't actually know what they're talking about. The aggressive stock trading subreddit involved in the Gamestop fiasco, r/wallstreetbets, is well-known for being on both ends of the spectrum. Would you take investing advice from WallStreetBets?

Would you bet on Wallstreetbets?

Stonks, real estate and bonds aren’t your only investment options, though. In fact, there are hundreds of platforms that let you invest in alternative assets outside of the more mainstream options.

Overwhelmed? Don’t be, because you can boil all of these investments down to only three basic categories:

  • Ownership investments: The most volatile (and profitable) of the three, this is the category most people associate with investing. It includes assets you buy and own, like stocks, real estate, precious metals, fine art, and more. 
  • Cash equivalents: The most liquid of the bunch, these either refer to cash or investments that are as good as cash. Examples include physical cash, savings accounts, and money market funds.
  • Lending investments: Last but not least, lending as an investment is when you cover someone else’s debt with an agreement that they’ll repay you with interest. This investment class is largely responsible for the trillions in banking revenue generated each year. 

But why would I lend money to a stranger? Can’t they just get a bank loan?

In the olden days, businesses and individuals could only get loans from banks or credit unions. But the problem with borrowing from these financial dinosaurs is that:

  1. Borrowers have to pass through an obstacle course of paperwork and credit checks first, and a single credit score isn't always the best way to judge whether or not someone will actually repay their loan.
  2. The interest rate on that loan is YUUGE. 

This means that a lot of people get left out of traditional lending. And on the other side of the coin, you have everyday people who have some extra cash burning a hole in their pocket that could be earning interest. Put these two parties together, and you open up a whole new class of investment opportunities.

Enter: online lending platforms. Borrowers use lending platforms to find qualified loans, and lending platforms rely on everyday investors to fund loans in exchange for a share of the interest. You don't have to have access to Scrooge McDuck-like swimming pools of money to finance these loans either, as your money is usually pooled with money from other investors until a loan is fully funded.

How lending investments are beating banks at their own game

Lending investments are a win-win for both investors and borrowers. Let’s start with the borrowers.

Some people can’t get approved for loans at traditional financial institutions because they:

  1. Have low credit scores (curse you 1-Click Checkout)
  2. Have a short or no credit history

Some of these borrowers are genuinely riskier, but others have simply fallen through the cracks of traditional banking (maybe they've never needed to borrow money before, or maybe they recently moved to the US). Lending platforms aim to find the latter and vet them by looking at more than just a credit score.

These platforms have developed sophisticated algorithms and automated technology for vetting these borrowers based on more than just credit score. So now, instead of having to undergo a days or weeks-long process to get a bank loan approved (or declined), a borrower can take out a loan online in just a few clicks.

But what about investors? Well, since loans offer fixed terms and interest rates, lending is less risky than many other forms of investing. Plus, if you find the sweet-spot of lending to trustworthy borrowers that are producing value with that money, you can easily see returns in the double-digits. This is why investing-pros like to add lending investments to their portfolio in hopes of beating the stock market. Do temper your expectations though. You’re not going to be making billions in FU money like Bobby Axelrod by helping Bill buy a Honda Civic. 

But on another positive note, lending investments have a low barrier to entry. You can start lending with as little as $10. So break open your piggy bank, grab all the spare change hiding in between those couch cushions, and let's get started.

Different types of lending investments

When it comes to lending investments and platforms, you’ve got about as many options as Loki has variants.

Savings accounts that actually pay

The most time-tested lending investment is… a savings account. 

“BOOORING. Dislike, unsubscribe.” 

Hear us out. You may not consider savings accounts to be a lending investment, but they are. Think about it: you’re lending your money to a bank, which the bank then loans to someone else.

If your bank is only netting you 0.01% on your savings account, you're getting played. High-yield savings accounts like Axos Bank, Chime and Affirm let you earn up to 60x that while keeping your funds FDIC-insured, which goes a long way in helping you sleep well at night.

axos-bank

AXOS Bank

High Yield Savings

Make mailbox money from real estate

Offering anywhere from 9-20% annual yield, peer-to-peer (P2P) lending flips traditional banking on its head. By cutting out the middleman, the investor becomes the bank using these marketplaces to lend money directly to people and businesses.

Some of these P2P sites, like Peerstreet and Fund That Flip, specialize in real estate only. Why fix broken toilets for ungrateful tenants when you can earn rental income with your feet up from the comfort of your La-Z-Boy? With Peerstreet, you only need $1,000 to start investing in high-quality real estate loans.

peerstreet

PeerStreet

Lending

Using the wisdom of the crowd to lend to winning projects

There is some overlap between crowdfunding and peer-to-peer lending, but like siamese twins,  the two are ever so slightly different. With crowdfunding, you’re investing your money in support of a well-defined project and pooling it with other investors like you until the project is funded. As the project is implemented and becomes profitable, you earn a portion of that profit in the form of interest.

This can include lending to everything from real estate projects to online startups to  brick and mortar businesses. For example, Mainvest lets you lend to local hotspots like breweries and food trucks that are hoping to expand, and they pay you a portion of their revenue until you hit your target returns.

mainvest

Mainvest

5.0

Lending

Yieldstreet lets you generate passive income by investing in a diverse selection of loans (they include everything from real estate loans to marine financing to fine artwork-backed loans) and then raking in the interest.

yieldstreet

Yieldstreet

4.3

Lending

The name’s Bonds… Worthy Bonds.

A bond can refer to many kinds of investments, but what they all have in common is debt. When you buy a bond, you’re actually lending money to an entity (e.g. a government or company), which they will repay with interest over a fixed term.

But Worthy put its own unique spin on this. It sells users the Worthy Bond and then lends the proceeds to growing businesses who can’t get loans elsewhere. In exchange for that bond, you  get a fixed 5% annual yield that’s paid out every day. It's like a savings account on steroids.

worthy

Worthy

4.3

Lending

Speaking of unique bonds though, we can’t not mention Bowie Bonds. Introduced in 1997 by the rock musician David Bowie, a Bowie Bond was backed by the expected earnings of his back catalog of 25 albums and offered 7.9% interest over ten years. As you can probably guess, the Starman’s investment went to the moon.

Is lending a good investment?

Lending investments are particularly suited to these three investor profiles:

  • Investors who don’t have that much money to get started.
  • Investors who can’t stomach the volatility of high-risk assets like crypto but want to aim for higher returns.
  • Investors who want to diversify their portfolio beyond ownership investments into interest-bearing investments.

Sure, lending has its risks, but bankers have been making a killing with it for centuries. With platforms that let you invest as little as $10, why not get in on the action?

True or False:

Alternative lending gives investors access to potentially high-growth sectors that traditional lenders don't service, like startups and cannabis.

True or False:

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